Face and Neck Injuries
EMS Care Chapter 34 | Face and Neck Injuries start with an introduction to the topic and have presentations that cover details on the human neck and face, followed by the various injuries and how the emergency treatment has to be given.
- Anatomy and Physiology.
- Injuries of the Face and Neck.
- Patient Assessment and Care.
- Emergency Care for Specific Injuries.
- Special Considerations.
Core Concepts covered :
- Anatomy of the Head, Face, and Neck.
- General Patient Assessment.
- Specific Injuries to Face and Neck.
- Age-Related Variations.
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An Excerpt from the course on Face and Neck Injuries
Nasal injuries can result in damage to the skin, bone, cartilage or any combination. Bony fractures of the nose account for nearly 50% of all facial fractures. Here are some possible complications from nasal injuries:
- Septal hematoma: Blood collecting (hematoma) under the lining (mucosa) of the central partition wall of the nose (septum) is stripped off either side causing a purple swelling inside the nose. If this occurs it will give you nasal obstruction and pain and need treating by draining the blood away soon after it happened.
- If the blood is left and not drained it can become infected or cause damage to the underlying support destroying cartilage and then leave a ‘saddle nose’ deformity.
- Nasal obstruction: Nasal blockage usually occurs after the injury due to swelling inside the nose and this may take a few days to settle. If the nose is still blocked after three weeks it may be due to the septum being deviated and buckled which blocks the nasal passage.
- Nosebleeds (epistaxis): Nosebleeds are common and usually settle on their own with simple first aid by gently pinching the lower half of the nose for 15 minutes. Nasal packing or cautery in the hospital is reserved for nosebleeds that do not stop of their own accord.